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Activated carbon from lignocellulose waste as filler in industrial rubber

EasyChair Preprint no. 498

15 pagesDate: September 12, 2018


In automobile sector, PVC/NBR blend is filled with carbon black to prepare fuel tube and hose pipe parts. Activated carbon is the carbon with altered surface properties. Acid treatment to generate activated carbon develops reaction sites over carbon surface that may increase compatibility of carbon with rubber. To study this, activated carbon is generated from different lignocellulosic materials viz: areca nut shell, coconut shell, and coconut leaves. The carbon is activated by H3PO4 as dehydrating agent in the ratio of 1:1 stoichimetrically. It is found that activated carbon is comparable with commercial carbon as filler with reference to petrol swelling test ASTM standard D-471-98 (€) results. Coconut shell based activated carbon filled NBR composite shows the least deviation in hardness. Areca nut shell based NBR composite shows the least density deviation. The composite prepared are of 20-PHR basis. The results obtained are tried to correlate with reference to proximate analysis.

Keyphrases: activated carbon, Activating agent, areca nut shell, biomass waste, coconut leaf, coconut shell, Composites, D-471-98 (€), H3PO4, Lignocellulose, NBR, proximate analysis, rubber composite, Scanning Electron Microscope, ultimate analysis

BibTeX entry
BibTeX does not have the right entry for preprints. This is a hack for producing the correct reference:
  author = {Yogesh Patil and Jitendra Kadu and Abhijeet Jadhav},
  title = {Activated carbon from lignocellulose waste as filler in industrial rubber},
  howpublished = {EasyChair Preprint no. 498},

  year = {EasyChair, 2018}}
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